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Indian food and spices with pictures and calories

If you’re looking for authentic Indian food, you’ll have to eat it at an Indian home, because the food varies from place to place in India. The best Indian food can be found in northern India, but southern India has influenced this cuisine as well. Indian food has been affected by different cultures and changing times, just like clothes.

When a person travels to India, they are bound to be taken aback by the variety of food available. As you travel through India, you will notice that there is a vast array of foods available. From street vendors selling snacks to restaurants serving meals, there is no shortage of options. In order to make your trip to India even more enjoyable, you should take advantage of the food and drink options available.

Indian food is well known for its spiciness. When you’re in an Indian home where people are well off, or in an educated Indian’s home, you may eat like a westerner. But if you’re eating in a conservative Indian home, you’ll have to sit on the floor and eat with the right hand from a banana leaf. In this house, shoes are left outside the door.

So, you have to be careful about where you place your feet. You can also see how they use many different spices in their cooking. Some of these spices include cumin, coriander, turmeric, cinnamon, and cardamom. The food served in India is very diverse. You can find different kinds of vegetarian, and non-vegetarian dishes.

Indian cuisine is a very large and varied set of cuisines, encompassing a huge variety of regional and cultural traditions. It includes rice, bread, dhal (pulses), vegetables, curds, pickles, sweets and beverages.

The origins of Indian food can be traced to prehistoric times, but the oldest evidence of the presence of Indian cuisine is from the Indus Valley Civilization.

India is the world’s second largest producer of fruits and vegetables. Spices are essential to a healthy life style.

They are used in cooking, baking, pickling, preservation and seasoning. Spices are derived from roots, seeds, barks, leaves and flowers. They are dried or processed into oil, ghee, powder and water soluble extracts. Spices are indispensable for all cuisines of the world.

They help control body weight. You will never be able to discuss the Indian cuisine without talking about spices. India is known as the home of spices the world over. Spices are an important part of the Indian food and diet. Spices are vital ingredients in many different dishes in Indian cuisine. They all have their own distinct flavor and aroma. Each one of them has medicinal values as well.

If you have been to India, you will surely remember the delicious food that was served to you. The spices in the food were so flavorful that they will not let you go back to your normal diet. The list of spices used in Indian cooking is endless. Some are used for culinary purpose, while some others have medicinal properties.

Here we have listed out the best spices that you can use in your Indian dishes.

Asafoetida

Asafetida is derived from the resin taken from plants within the parsley family and it’s valued for its truffle-like flavor and roasty garlic aroma and is used as a condiment and flavoring agent in Indian food. Chewier, Asafetida can be used as a natural remedy to relieve gas and digestive issues.

Calories in Asafoetida about 300 per 100gm.

 

Asafoetida

Black Pepper

Black pepper is one of the most commonly used spices in Indian cuisine. It is used to make many types of Indian dishes.

This spice is also used in many other cuisines including Middle Eastern, Japanese, Chinese and Thai. It is known for its ability to stimulate appetite.

Black, pepper has about 5.8 calories per 2.3 g serving.

Black Pepper

Cardamom

Cardamom is an essential spice, mainly because it’s hand-harvested and requires a lot of manual work. The green cardamom is mild and light, while the black cardamom is more spicy and smoky. It’s mainly used in baking, but also as a seasoning for drinks like tea and coffee. It’s a common ingredient in curries, but also in rice dishes, and is a popular spice in Indian and Chinese cuisine.

One tbsp of grounded Cardamom has about 18 calories.

Cardamom

Cayenne pepper

Cayenne pepper Cayenne pepper is a super-spicy ingredient that will give your curry a spicy kick, adding some much needed zest to your meals. This ground red chili powder was first developed by the French in the 19th century, to provide extra spice to stews and soups. This versatile spice is used to make a wide range of dishes from curries to stir fries, and it’s also great for adding a fiery kick to desserts and ice creams.

You can use this in your cooking, but it’s best to keep it for special occasions like Christmas and Easter. Use Cayenne pepper to add a little spice to your life. Cayenne Pepper is a ground red chili pepper that is packed with flavor and heat. This popular ingredient has been used in traditional Indian dishes since the early 1800s. Cayenne Pepper is a versatile ingredient that can be used to give a kick to curries, or added to sauces and marinades to add extra flavor and zing.

Cayenne pepper has about 17 calories in one tbsp.

Cayenne pepper

Cinnamon

Cinnamon is a common ingredient in Indian dishes. It is used as a flavouring agent in both sweet and savoury dishes. Cinnamon is one of the most widely used spices in cooking. In India, it is commonly added to chai, kulfi and other sweets, as well as being used as an ingredient in curries. In Asia, cinnamon has been used since ancient times to treat respiratory ailments.Cinnamon Cinnamon is a spice that has been used for thousands of years. It is native to Sri Lanka and Indonesia and grows in tropical climates around the world.

Where does cinnamon come from?

Cinnamon comes from the tree called the Cinnamomum Cassia or the Cassia Cinnamon. It’s native to Sri Lanka and grows about six feet tall in a temperate rainforest. When the cinnamon tree is harvested, it produces an essential oil that contains cinnamaldehyde, a sweet-smelling compound that gives cinnamon its flavor. Too often, people think of cinnamon as just a spice. But it’s so much more than that. The flavor of cinnamon comes from a compound called cinnamaldehyde. It’s found in all parts of the cinnamon plant, including the bark, leaves, and twigs.

There is about 19 calories in 1 tbsp of Cinnamon

Cinnamon

Cloves

Cloves are a fragrant spice commonly used in savory dishes. They add a distinctive flavor to dishes such as meat stews. There are many varieties of cloves, including the sweet-tasting star anise, which is often used in Chinese cooking. The fragrant flower buds of the clove tree native to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia are harvested from the trees and used in Indian biryani recipes. They feature sweet and bitter tones and are often paired with other spices, including nutmeg and cinnamon, to add warmth to Indian curries or meat rubs. Use this powerful spice sparingly, to add depth and intensity to your curries and meat rubs.

Grounde cloves has about 18 calories in 1 tbsp.

Cloves

Coriander

Coriander is a common spice found in many Indian dishes, especially curries. It is a member of the Apiaceae family and it is native to India. The leaves of coriander are used as food flavoring and it is also used in cooking to impart a unique flavor. You can use coriander leaves in both fresh and dried form. It is best to use fresh coriander leaves for its intense flavor.

There are about 5 calories in a dried coriander tbsp.

Coriander

Cumin

Cumin, originating in Asia, grows as a weed, with aromatic leaves and tiny yellow flowers. Cumin is known for its pungent smell that enhances the flavor of other spices. It is also known to aid digestion.

Cumin has about 22 calories in a tbsp.

Cumin

Fennel

Fennel This herb is native to India and cultivated worldwide for its medicinal properties. Its seeds have been used since ancient times as an expectorant, demulcent, diuretic, and for reducing flatulence. It is used as a seasoning for vegetable dishes and condiments, as well as to impart a subtle anise flavour to sweets and breads.

You can enjoy fennel when you eat dessert! It helps with digestion and helps you lose weight. If you drink a lot of water while you are having a meal, you may notice that you get bloated and have a hard time digesting food. A fennel tea will help you out and is a great addition to any meal, including dessert.

One cup of fennel (90gm) has 27 calories.

Fennel

Fenugreek

Fenugreek is commonly used in Indian curries. It has a distinctive flavor and can reduce the sweetness of spices, which is why it’s often used in butter chicken dishes. Fenugreek seeds are also used to make a spice blend called garam masala. Garam masala is used to flavor Indian food as well as for cooking. Fenugreek seeds are available whole or ground in most grocery stores.

There is about 36 calories in a tbsp of fenugreek.

Fenugreek

Garam masala

Garam Masala the most popular Indian spice is also considered the most spicy, but it has its own signature spice blend that is essential for making delicious dishes. The garam masala spice blend comprises a variety of Indian spices such as pepper, cinnamon, cumin, nutmeg, and coriander. A common way to use garam masala is to stir it into a simmering dish while you cook, giving it extra flavor and complexity. The blend is available in different variations, but the most popular Indian brand is from a company called ‘Garam’ which can be found on supermarket shelves.

Approximately 30 calories in a tbsp of garam masala

Garam masala

Garlic

Garlic is a very important ingredient in Indian food. It is used to prepare the main course in many different dishes. It also serves as an appetizer and side dish. The most common ways to use garlic are: Roasted Garlic Roasted garlic is the best way to use fresh garlic. If you roast it at a low heat, then the garlic will be soft but not burnt. This method is perfect for making sauces or preparing a salad. Indian food has long been renowned for its distinctive and complex flavors. Garlic is often included in Indian dishes and used as a seasoning and flavoring agent. Garlic should be added towards the end of cooking your onions as it mellows and sweetens the longer you cook it.

One tsp of garlic has 4 cal0ries.

Garlic

Ginger

The ginger in Indian dishes is used as an ingredient in many dishes. Ginger is a common ingredient in Indian cuisine and is often found in curries, pickles, chutneys, and other condiments. Ginger is also a popular spice used in Indian desserts. In most cases, the ginger in Indian dishes is fresh ginger, which is the form used in most cooking. Ginger powder is an excellent digestive aid and it aids in digestion by stimulating the digestive enzymes in the stomach. It also acts as an anti-inflammatory agent and can help to alleviate nausea and vomiting associated with pregnancy. Ginger is often added to curries and other Indian dishes. Honey has been used as a natural remedy for many centuries.

There is about 9 calories in a serving of 11gm of ginger.

Ginger

Green chilies

Green chilies are basic ingredient in Indian recipe. They are used to add spice and flavor to dishes. Dry fruits Mango, apple, guava, coconut and banana are dry fruits that are usually used as a side dish with tea or coffee. Dry fruits can be added directly to the meal or soaked in water and then cooked. It’s important to cook them properly to avoid making them soggy.

100 gram of green chilies has about 21 calories.

Green chilies

Mustard seeds

Brown mustard seeds are the most commonly used type of mustard seeds in Indian cooking. These seeds can be fried whole to flavor oil, which can then be used to cook raw food or as a garnish. While these seeds are native to Rome, the earliest reference to their use are in stories of Buddha, where he uses these seeds to save a boy’s life.

1 tbsp of mustard seeds has approximately 32 calories.

Mustard seeds

Black mustard seeds are also used in Indian cooking. They can be added whole to oil, which is then used to cook raw food or as a garnish. When soaked in water they become spicy and salty, while in an un-soaked state they make for a very strong flavored oil. In addition to this, they can be used to cure common coughs and colds.

Black mustard has about 55 calories in one tbsp.

Black Mustard seeds

Peppermint

Peppermint has a strong aroma and fresh, vibrant taste that can boost your energy levels and help you unwind after a long day. Its leaves and seeds contain menthol, which is a natural stimulant and has been used for centuries to treat muscle aches and pains, sore throats, and toothaches. Peppermint has also been traditionally used to help relieve nausea and vomiting and is an ingredient in many herbal remedies.

One tbsp of fresh peppermint has about 6 calories.

Peppermint

Red Onions

Red Onions are one of basic ingredients in Indian recipes. This ingredient will create exotic taste you food. It has a sweet flavor and its juice can be used to prepare pickles, relishes, chutneys, sauces and many more. You can also use it as a garnish to the dishes.  You can use these onions in salads, rice and breads.

One cup of chopped red onion has about 65 calories.

Red Onions

Saffron

Saffron Saffron, a pungent spice made from stigmas of crocus flowers, is the most expensive spice in the world. It has a sweet smell that can be softened after it’s soaked in water or milk. In addition to its use as a flavoring for breads and other dishes, saffron is used in medicine. It can help treat a number of ailments, including high blood pressure, fever, and insomnia.

There are about 6 calories in a tbsp of saffron.

Saffron

Turmeric

A spice that comes from the root of the turmeric plant, turmeric is one of the most popular spices in India. It has an earthy flavor and aroma and is used to add color and flavor to many Indian dishes. It’s derived from the roots of the curcuma longa, a leafy plant native to India, and was predominantly used as a dye and in Siddha medicine for thousands of years. It has an earthy consistency and a warm aroma and taste, and today, it’s mainly used for its flavor and color and in health tonics for its anti-inflammatory benefits.

Turmeric has about 24 calories in a tbsp.

Turmeric

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